The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant.Almost all modern edible parthenocarpic (seedless) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.Musa species are native to tropical Indomalaya and Australia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea.primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make fiber, banana wine, and banana beer and as ornamental plants.Bananas grow in a wide variety of soils, as long as the soil is at least 60 cm deep, has good drainage and is not compacted.
By contrast, Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit are called "plantains".
A stem develops which grows up inside the pseudostem, carrying the immature inflorescence until eventually it emerges at the top.) After fruiting, the pseudostem dies, but offshoots will normally have developed from the base, so that the plant as a whole is perennial.
In the plantation system of cultivation, only one of the offshoots will be allowed to develop in order to maintain spacing.
Most are around 5 m (16 ft) tall, with a range from 'Dwarf Cavendish' plants at around 3 m (10 ft) to 'Gros Michel' at 7 m (23 ft) or more.
When a banana plant is mature, the corm stops producing new leaves and begins to form a flower spike or inflorescence.
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